Introduction to Networks
Networking Academy CCNAv7 Welcome to the first course of the Cisco Networking Academy CCNAv7 curriculum, Introduction to Networks (ITN). This is the first of three courses that are aligned to the CCNA Certification Exam. ITN contains 17 modules, each with a series of topics.
In Introduction to Networks, you will gain a basic understanding of the way networks operate. You will learn about network components and their functions, as well as how a network is structured, and the architectures used to create networks, including the internet.
But ITN is about more than learning networking concepts. By the end of this course, you will be able to build local area networks (LANs), configure basic settings on routers and switches, and implement internet protocol (IP).
In ITN, every concept that you learn and skill that you develop will be used in the rest of the CCNA curriculum. Now is the time to supercharge your networking career and let Cisco Networking Academy help you to reach your goal!
Network Components Host Roles If you want to be a part of a global online community, your computer, tablet, or smart phone must first be connected to a network. That network must be connected to the internet. This topic discusses the parts of a network. See if you recognize these components in your own home or school network!
All computers that are connected to a network and participate directly in network communication are classified as hosts. Hosts can be called end devices. Some hosts are also called clients. However, the term hosts specifically refers to devices on the network that are assigned a number for communication purposes. This number identifies the host within a particular network. This number is called the Internet Protocol (IP) address. An IP address identifies the host and the network to which the host is attached.
Servers are computers with software that allow them to provide information, like email or web pages, to other end devices on the network. Each service requires separate server software. For example, a server requires web server software in order to provide web services to the network. A computer with server software can provide services simultaneously to many different clients.
As mentioned before, clients are a type of host. Clients have software for requesting and displaying the information obtained from the server, as shown in the figure.