Origin of word, Algorithm

The word Algorithm comes from the name of the muslim author Abu Ja’far Mohammad ibn Musa al-Khowarizmi. He was born in the eighth century at Khwarizm (Kheva), a town south of river Oxus in present Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan, a Muslim country for over a thousand years, was taken over by the Russians in 1873.

Much of al-Khwarizmi’s work was written in a book titled al Kitab al-mukhatasar fi hisab al-jabr wa’l-muqabalah (The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing). It is from the titles of these writings and his name that the words algebra and algorithm are derived.